In France, seniors account for over 60 % of people affected by cancer. Cancer is the 2nd leading cause of mortality in the over 65 years of age. What are the links between cancer and the elderly ? How to react to the disease ? Here is the essential information you need to know about cancer in the elderly.
Cancer and the elderly : very close ties
In general, cancer incidence increases with age. In other words, the older you get, the more likely we are to develop cancer. The link between the age of the individual and the occurrence of cancers is so strong that some cancers are now categorized as specific to the physical health of seniors. This is the case, in particular, cancer of the colon that appears in 80 % of cases, after the age of 60 years. One of the peculiarities of the cancer in the elderly is the late diagnosis of the disease. Often excluded from devices for screening, the elderly do not, for the most part, the same medical follow-up, a young child or an adult. For a long time, older people with cancer were supported in focusing on their age and not their general state of health. Today, the support of senior citizens cancer patients is, however, very much improved.
What are the types of cancer most prevalent among older people ?
Cancer of the prostate in men (61 % survival rate at five years), breast cancer in women (87 % survival rate), as well as colorectal cancers (60 % of survival rate), are among the most common cancers in the elderly. Most are linked to a set of factors that accumulate over the years. It is therefore quite logical to see the cancer at the end of a certain period of time. It also affects more young people, lung cancer (16 % rate of survival at five years) is also part of the common cancers in the elderly. It is the 2nd cancer is the most prevalent in humans (all age categories combined), and 3rd in the woman.
What treatments against cancer ?
Surgery, chemotherapy and radiology are the three main weapons in the therapeutic arsenal to combat cancers of the elderly. The implementation of one or the other of these solutions obviously depends on the type of cancer and its evolution. It is only very rarely correlate with the age of the patient. Indeed, an older person may legitimately undergo a surgery to remove a tumor, as it may well follow a programme of chemotherapy. It is, nevertheless, in the context of the treatment of cancers in the elderly, to find the right balance between the risks of the treatment and the expected benefits. It is also important not to reduce the doses of treatment, overestimating the fragility of the organism of the elderly person.
Cancer in the elderly and health insurance
The support of the treatment for cancer depends on your health coverage and your health insurance. The costs related to cancer treatments, it’s better to have a mutual health able to refund you part or all of your expenses. This is why, Cocoon, health insurance for seniors, you offers different offers of health insurance to help you, financially, to fight against cancer. These are available also for all other diseases that may reach the elderly, such as the disorders, osteo-articular, the disease rights to gastroenterology, diseases of lungs, diseases of the vision, the diabetes, the cholesterol, theincontinence, the hearing problems, heart disease, or malnutrition.