Among the two forms of this disease, type 1 diabetes is the most disabling because it requires daily injection of insulin. What are the causes and symptoms of this disease ? Which treatments provide good support ? How to live with in daily life when one is a senior ?
What is type 1 diabetes ?
The diabetes is a disease which exists in two forms has its origin in the difficulties of the pancreas to produce insulin, the hormone that regulates the amount of sugar in the blood. This is called type 1 diabetes is the “diabetes mellitus” : the pancreas no longer produces enough insulin, or not at all. To avoid the accumulation of glucose in blood and to ensure that it provides the cell energy, the body needs a daily injection of this hormone.
What are the causes of type 1 diabetes ?
Type 1 diabetes usually appears before the age of 30, but seniors are sometimes likely to be affected. The genetic predisposition is the fact that a close relative has the same disease – increases the risk of developing this type of diabetes, as well as some factors which may be triggers. It is estimated for example that the power supply could play a role in the early childhood, or that the occurrence is less frequent among children who were breastfed. Other theories suggest a virus or a toxin that will damage the pancreas or cause the body to react in a way that auto-immune against the cells of the body that produce insulin.
What are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes ?
The main symptoms affecting people with type 1 diabetes are those that are the result of a high concentration of sugar in the blood (hyperglycemia) : blurred vision, fatigue, extreme sensations of hunger and thirst, decreased mental abilities, loss of weight, healing slow in case of wound, skin infections frequent need to urinate very often. If these symptoms are getting worse (confusion, breathing accelerates, pain in the abdomen, vomiting, difficulty speaking, or to coordinate movements), there is an urgent need to go to the hospital !
What are the existing treatments ?
Type 1 diabetes affects between 5 and 10 % of the diabetic population. Unlike type 2 diabetes, this forced to daily injections of insulin. In addition, this form of diabetes requires control of its power supply (the consumption of sugars is very strict), to monitor his blood pressure and his cholesterol, and to regularly check their hemoglobin glycated.
Live well with type 1 diabetes
It is quite possible to live well in spite of this type of diabetes, by adopting the good practices in everyday life. In particular, a program balanced nutrition allows you to control its blood sugar (take advice from a nutritionist, specializing in diabetes management). Also, a moderate intensity physical activity is recommended. For seniors, depending on their age and physical condition, the intensity of the activity must be validated by a doctor.
However, attention to the risk of hypoglycemia ! Skip a meal, take an amount of insulin a bit too much or exercise too much are as likely to lead to a significant drop in blood sugar.
Provided that you comply with these instructions, therefore, it is possible to live well in spite of this type of diabetes !